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Korean Journal of Schizophrenia Research 2011;14(1):42-49.
주요 일간지에 나타난 정신병에 대한 낙인 실태
Sung-Wan Kim, MD, PhD1,2, Seon-Young Kim, MD1, Joon-An Yoo, MD1,2, Kyung-Yeol Bae, MD1, Jae-Min Kim, MD, PhD1, Il-Seon Shin, MD, PhD1 and Jin-Sang Yoon, MD, PhD1
Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the perspectives of newspaper articles on psychosis in the context of their strong influence on public awareness about these illnesses.
Methods: We analyzed the newspaper articles published in Dong-A Ilbo and Chosun Ilbo in 1998, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2008 using our previous study data and a search program developed by the Korean Press Foundation. We used the following search words to identify articles on psychotic illnesses : ‘Schizophrenia’, ‘Psychosis’, ‘Mental illness’, and ‘Mental derangement’. A total of 844 articles were classified by category and subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis.
Results: Of the 844 articles identified, 569 (67.4%) provided a negative description of psychotic conditions, 114 (13.5%) offered a neutral or positive description, and 161 (19.1%) expressed no particular perspective. We found no significant changes in the stigmatizing descriptors over time. The most frequent negative theme was “psychotic patients are dangerous or may commit a crime” (32.9%). The negative metaphorical use of schizophrenia-related terms was evident in 108 (12.8%) articles. Articles written by mental health professionals reflected more neutral and positive viewpoints (58.7%).
Conclusion: Guidelines governing appropriate reporting on issues related to mental health should be developed, and mental health professionals should provide newspaper articles that include accurate information on psychotic disorders. (Korean J Schizophr Res 2011;14:42-49)
Key Words: Schizophrenia , Psychosis , Stigma , Newspaper , Mass media , Attunement disorder
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