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Korean J Schizophr Res > Volume 20(2); 2017 > Article
Korean Journal of Schizophrenia Research 2017;20(2):44-54.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.16946/kjsr.2017.20.2.44    Published online October 31, 2017.
Factors Influencing Burden on the Primary Caregivers of Remitted Schizophrenic Outpatients.
Jin Won Kim, Chul Kwon Kim
1Han-Sarang Hospital, Kimhae, Korea.
2Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. kimck@dau.ac.kr
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study is to investigate the variables besides symptom that influence the family burden in the primary caregivers of remitted schizophrenic outpatients, and to evaluate the impact of changeable or unchangeable variables by clinical practice on the family burden.
METHODS
A total 105 remitted schizophrenic outpatients and 105 their primary caregivers were participated in the psychiatric outpatient clinic of the university hospital. Socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, education, income, marital status, religion), clinical variables (duration of illness, age of onset), patients' symptom (korean version of the positive and negative syndrome scale), patients' social function (korean version of the social functioning scale), patients' insight (self-appraisal of illness questionnaire), patients' attitude toward medication (drug attitude inventory), family perceived social support (multidimensional scale of perceived social support), family attitude toward patient (family attitude scale) were gathered from subjects.
RESULTS
Total score of family burden scale (0–144) of the primary caregivers of remitted schizophrenic outpatients was 71.3 (SD 20.7) and mean score per item was 1.9. Unchangeable six variables by clinical practice (relation with patient, patients' education, age of onset, duration of illness, parent age, parent income) explain 17%, and changeable four variables (family attitude toward patient, family perceived social support, patients' social function, patients' insight) explain 72% of family burden. Four areas such as interpersonal communication, independence-performance, independence-competence, occupation/ employment explain family burden significantly in the seven areas of the social functioning scale.
CONCLUSION
Primary caregivers of remitted schizophrenic outpatients feel burden considerably even though their ill relatives show few psychiatric symptoms. Changeable variables by clinical practice were more explanation than unchangeable variables on the family burden.
Key Words: Family burden · Family attitude · Social functioning · Social support · Insight · Schizophrenia


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