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Korean J Schizophr Res > Volume 22(2); 2019 > Article
Korean Journal of Schizophrenia Research 2019;22(2):34-41.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.16946/kjsr.2019.22.2.34    Published online October 31, 2019.
Public Attention to Crime of Schizophrenia and Its Correlation with Use of Mental Health Services in Patients with Schizophrenia.
Hyunwoo Park, Yu Sang Lee, Sang Yup Lee, Seungyeoun Lee, Kyung Sue Hong, Shinsuke Koike, Jun Soo Kwon
1Department of Psychiatry, Yong-In Mental Hospital, Yongin, Korea. yusanglee@gmail.com
2Department of Communication, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Psychiatry, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
5University of Tokyo Institute for Diversity and Adaptation of Human Mind (UTIDAHM), University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
6Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to examine the effects of the public attention to ‘crime of schizophrenia’ on the use of mental health services in patients with schizophrenia using big data analysis.
METHODS
Data on the frequency of internet searches for ‘crime of schizophrenia’ and the patterns of mental health service utilization by patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders by month were collected from Naver big data and the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Services in Korea, respectively. Their correlations in the same and following month for lagged effect were examined.
RESULTS
The number of outpatients correlated negatively with public attention to ‘crime of schizophrenia’ in the same month. The lagged relationship between public attention and the number of admissions in psychiatric wards was also found. In terms of sex differences, the use of outpatient services among female patients correlated negatively with public attention in the same month while the number of male patients' admissions in both same and following month correlated positively with public attention.
CONCLUSION
These findings suggested that public attention to ‘crime of schizophrenia’ could negatively affect illness behavior in patients with schizophrenia.
Key Words: Attention · Big data · Crime · Mental health services · Schizophrenia · Stigma


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